The Brown Recluse Spider: Facts that You Should Know

Spiders. Often the first image that comes to people’s minds when they hear that word is of something that is small, eight-legged and absolutely not wanted in their homes. However, in the animal kingdom, there are thousands of different species of spiders, ranging in harmfulness, from the entirely harmless Daddy Longlegs to the notoriously toxic Brazilian Wandering Spider. So how does thev local Brown Recluse Spider fit in with the rest of the species in terms of dangerousness, and what should you do if you are finding them in your house.

Appearance and Behavior

Brown Recluse Spiders have black and brown striped legs and brown bodies with a black violin-shaped mark on their backs. They are usually less than half an inch in size and can be found mostly in the American mid to southwest. They are rarely seen moving around during the day, as they are nocturnal, and for food catch small bugs and flies. These spiders normally live outdoors, though often they find their way into interior areas and prowl around secluded locations such as crawl spaces, attics and basements.


The Brown Recluse Spider only bites humans when they feel threatened, and their bites are almost never fatal. That does not mean that they are harmless, however. When they do bite, it is usually not felt for the first few minutes, but then causes a painful, sharp stinging sensation that can last up to eight hours. Other symptoms of a Brown Recluse Spider bite include fever, restlessness and insomnia. The effects generally reduce drastically within 24 hours and shouldn’t cause any lasting problems, though if you still don’t feel better after a day, a doctor’s visit may be warranted.

How to Manage Them

There are many spiders that we can live with amicably, but not all of them. The Brown Recluse Spider may not be lethal, but it’s not worth risking a bite from one of them, so the best thing to do is to clear them from your house. First, take out any cobwebs you see with a duster to cut off their means of acquiring food. Then, make sure that your doors and windows are sealed shut and that there are no cracks or openings along your house’s foundation. Lastly, you should call a pest exterminator and have trained professionals take care of your spider infestation for good.

With a few quick steps, Dayton’s Pest Control can provide your home with prevenative treatments and irradicate any infestation that exist.